• Anna Schotthoefer PhD

  • Project Scientist I

    • Integrated Research and Development Laboratory
    • 1000 North Oak Ave. 2R3 Marshfield, WI 54449


2010 to Present:
Core Laboratory, Marshfield Clinic Research Foundation, Marshfield
2007 to 2010:
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention - Divison of Vector-Borne Infectious Diseases, Fort Collins
2003 to 2005:
Department of Veterinary Pathobiology, Post Doctoral Associate, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Urbana
1998 to 2003:
Graduate Research Assistant - Department of Veterinary Pathobiology, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Urbana
PhD, Veterinary Pathobiology, Division of Parasitology, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Urbana
MS, Biology Department, Wake Forest University, Winston-Salem
1995 to 1997:
Graduate Teaching Assistant - Biology Department, Wake Forest University, Winston-Salem
1994 to 1995:
Lab Technician Senior, Virginia Institute of Marine Science, College of William & Mary, Gloucester Point
1993 to 1994:
Lab Assistant Haskin Shellfish Research Laboratory, Rutgers University, Port Norris
BS, Department of Biology, Cornell Univerisity, Ithaca

Work Experience

2011 to Present:
Preceptor, Masters of Public Health Program, University of Wisconsin School of Medicine and Public Health, Madison
2006 to 2010:
Adjunct Faculty and Instructor, Department of Biology, Metropolitan State College of Denver, Denver
2005 to 2006:
Visiting Assistant Professor, Department of Pathobiology, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Urbana
1995 to 1997:
Graduate Teaching Assistant, Biology Department, Wake forest University, Winston-Salem

Select Publications

  • Esch GW, Wetzel EJ, Zelmer DA, Schotthoefer AM. Long-term changes in parasite population and community structure: a case history. American Midland Naturalist. 1997;137 :369-87.
  • Ford SE, Schotthoefer AM, Spruck C. In vivo dynamics of the microparasite Perkinsus marinus during progression and regression of infections in Eastern oysters. Journal of Parasitology. 1999;85 :273-82.
  • Schoff PK, Johnson CM, Schotthoefer AM, murphy JE, Lieske C, Cole RA, Johnson LB, Beasley VR. Prevalence of skeletal and eye malformations in frogs from north-central United States: estimation based on collections from randomly selected sites. Journal of Wildlife Diseases. 2003;39 :510-21.
  • Schotthoefer AM, Koehler AV, Meteyer CU, Cole RA. Influence of Ribeiroia ondatrae (Trematoda: Digenea) infections on limb development and survival of Northern leopard frogs (Rana pipiens): effects of host-stage and parasite exposure level. Canadian Journal of Zoology. 2003;81 :1144-53.
  • Schotthoefer AM, Cole RA, Beasley VR. Relationship of tadpole stage to location of echinostome cercariae encystment and the consequences for tadpole survival. Journal of Parasitology. 2003;89 :475-82.
  • Schotthoefer AM, Labak KM, Beasley VR. Ribeiroia ondatrae cercariae are consumed by aquatic invertebrate predators. J Parasitol. 2007;93(5):1240-3.
    PubMed ID: 18163369
  • Eisen RJ, Holmes AM, Schotthoefer AM. Demonstration of early phase transmission of Yersinia pestis by the mouse flea, Aetheca wagneri, and implications for the role of deer mice as enzootic reservoirs J Medical Entomology. 2008;45 :1160-64.
  • Rohr JR, Schotthoefer AM, Raffel TR, Carrick HJ, Halstead N, Hoverman JT, Johnson BJ, Lieske C, Piwoni MD, Romansic JM, Schoff PK, Beasley R. Agrochemicals increase trematode infections in a declining amphibian species. NATURE. 2008;455 :1235-38.
  • Hamer GL, Walker ED, Brawn JD, Loss SR, Ruiz MO, Goldberg TL, Schotthoefer AM, Brown WM, Wheeler ER, Kitron UD. Rapid amplification of West Nile virus: the role of hatch year birds. Vector Borne Zoonotic Dis. 2008;8(1):57-67.
    PubMed ID: 18237262
  • Lowell JL, Eisen RJ, Schotthoefer AM, Xiaocheng L, Montenieri JA, Tanda D, Pape ME, Schriefer ME, Antolin MF, Gage KL. Colorado animal-based plague surveillance systems: relationships between targeted animal species and prediction efficacy of areas at risk for humans. J Vector Ecol. 2009;34 :22-31.
    PubMed ID: 20836802
  • Girard YA, Travinsky B, Schotthoefer AM, Fedorova N, Eisen RJ, Eisen L, Barbour AG, Lane RS. Population structure of the Lyme borreliosis spirochete Borrelia burgdorferi in the western black-legged tick (Ixodes pacificus) in northern California. Appl Environ Microbiol. 2009;75(22):7243-7252.
    PubMed ID: 19783741
  • Schotthoefer AM, Bolek MG, Cole RA, Beasley VR. Parasites of the mink frog (Rana septentrionalis) from Minnesota. Comparative Parasitology. 2009;76 :240-46.
  • Schotthoefer AM, Gage KL. Climate impacts on fleas and rodents: implications for future human plague risk in the western United States. Public Health Journal. 2009;20 :46-51.
  • Church C, Neill A, Schotthoefer AM. Intestinal infections in humans in the Rocky Mountain region, United States. J Parasitol.. 2010 Feb;96(1):194-6.
    PubMed ID: 19807196
  • Vetter SM, Eisen RJ, Schotthoefer AM, Montenieri JA, Holmes JL, Bobrov AG, Bearden SW, Perry RD, Gage KL. Biofilm formation is not required for early-phase transmission of Yersinia pestis. Microbiology. 2010 Jul;156(Pt 7):2216-25.
    PubMed ID: 20395271
  • Schotthoefer AM, Bearden SW, Holmes JL, Vetter SM, Montenieri JA, Williams S, Graham C, Woods M, Eisen RJ, Gage KL. Effects of temperature on the transmission of Yersinia Pestis by the flea, Xenopsylla Cheopis, in the late phase period. Parasit Vectors. 2011 Sep;4 :191.
    PubMed ID: 21958555
  • Schotthoefer AM, Rohr JR, Cole RA, Koehler AV, Johnson CM, Johnson LB, Beasley VR. Effects of wetland vs. landscape variables on parasite communities of Rana pipiens: links to anthropogenic factors. ECOLOGICAL APPLICATIONS. 2011 Jun;21(4):1257-71.
    PubMed ID: 21774428
  • Schotthoefer AM, Bearden SW, Vetter SM, Holmes J, Montenieri JA, Graham C, Woods M, Eisen RJ, Gage KL. Effects of temperature on early-phase transmission of Yersina pestis by the flea, Xenopsylla cheopis. JOURNAL OF MEDICAL ENTOMOLOGY. 2011 Mar;48(2):411-7.
    PubMed ID: 21485382
  • Schotthoefer AM, Meece JK, Ivacic LC, Bertz PD, Zhang KQi, Weiler T, Uphoff TS, Fritsche TR. Comparison of a real-time PCR Method with serology and blood smear analysis for diagnosis of human anaplasmosis:importance of Infection time course for optimal test utilization. JOURNAL OF CLINICAL MICROBIOLOGY. 2013 Jul;51(7):2147-53.
    PubMed ID: 23637292
  • Schotthoefer AM, Meece JK, Fritsche TR. A clinical, diagnostic, and ecologic perspective on human anaplasmosis in the Upper Midwest. WMJ. 2014 Jun;113(3):107-14; quiz 115.
    PubMed ID: 25118439
  • Rohr JR, Civitello DJ, Crumrine PW, Halstead N, Miller AD, Schotthoefer AM, Stenoien C, Johnson LB, Beasley VR. Predator diversity, intraguild predation, and indirect effects drive parasite transmission. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A.. 2015 Mar;112(10):3008-13.
    PubMed ID: 25713379